“At a conference of Chief Justices and Chief Ministers some time back, I had pointed out that the Indian legal and judicial system, in some sense, reflects a great contradiction. Our democracy and our legal and judicial system have strengths that are admired the world over. We have a free press, a truly independent judiciary and independent institutions like the Election Commission and the Comptroller and Auditor General which underpin our democratic framework. The quality of our lawyers is reflected in the innovative legal doctrine and precepts that they have helped establish. However, all these strengths are somewhat diminished by the arrears and backlog of cases at every level of our judicial system”. – Honourable Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh addressing the National Convention on “Law, Justice and the Common Man organized by the Congress Party on 27th March 2010.
Since 2000, according to the statistics submitted to the parliament by the Ministry of Home Affairs, prison custody deaths have increased by 54.02% by 2008, while police custody deaths during the same period have increased by 19.88%. In fact, under the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) rule from 2004-2005 to 2007-2008, prison custody deaths have increased by 70.72% while police custody deaths during the same period have increased by 12.60%.